NEP 2020- The Rise Of New India

The New Education Policy 2020 was released by the Government a few weeks ago and while it has received mostly positive reviews, one can’t help but wonder if the new policy has taken some inspiration pointers from education policies around the world.

Comparison

Top 5 Education Systems in the World

Let us see some of the similarities between NEP 2020 and education policies around the world.

  1. The 5+3+3+4 System- This seems to be inspired from UK’s education system. There are five stages of education: early years for 2 years (Age group 5-7 years), primary for 4 years (Age group 7-11 years), secondary for 3 years up to 14 years of age, further education (FE) for 2 years for age group 14-16 years and higher education (HE). In the UK, a college is a Further Education institution which prepares its students to earn degrees, while a university is licensed, HE institution so, at the end of it, students will gain a degree.
  2. Vocational Training- NEP 2020 has given a strong emphasis on Vocational Training to be included as part of the curriculum. This particular pointer seems to an integral part of almost all the top Education systems around the world.
    1. In the Australian system, Vocational Education & Training (VET) is part of their Tertiary education. Australia is internationally recognized for providing the best practice in vocational and education training as the individual is assessed on his or her procurement of competencies and focus is given on the development of skills relevant to field of skilled specialization.
    2. Technical and vocational education in the United Kingdom is introduced during the secondary school years and goes on until further and higher education. Students can also go on to a further education college to prepare themselves for the Vocational Certificate of Education (VCE), which is similar to the A-levels. Major provider of vocational qualifications in the United Kingdom include the City and Guilds of London Institute and Edexcel. Higher National Certificates and Higher National Diplomas typically require 1 and 2 years of full-time study and credit from either HNE or Diplomas can be transferred toward an undergraduate degree. The National Apprenticeship Service also offers vocational education where people at ages of 16 and older enter apprenticeships in order to learn a skilled trade. T Levels are a technical qualification being introduced between Autumn 2020 and 2023.
    3. Vocational schools in the US are post-secondary schools (students usually enroll after graduating from high school or obtaining their GEDs) that teach the skills necessary to help students acquire jobs in specific industries. Federal involvement is carried out principally through the Carl D. Perkins Vocational and Technical Education Act. The Association for Career and Technical Education (ACTE) is the largest private association dedicated to the advancement of education that prepares youths and adults for careers. Its members include Career and Technical Education (CTE) teachers, administrators, and researchers.  Persons wishing to teach vocational education may pursue a Bachelor of Vocational Education, which qualifies one to teach vocational education.
  3. 3/4 years Undergraduate Course- An undergraduate course it usually takes 3 years to finish. The higher education in the UK education system is having an extended number of universities that are offering 4-year undergraduate courses, also known as “sandwich courses”. This program includes one year in a workplace, usually in your third year.
    The NEP 2020 policy, although, doesn’t include 1 year in the workplace but instead offer a year for research.
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Education 2.0

Education System of the US

Apart from taking inspiration from other foreign education systems, the New Education Policy of 2020 is actually an upgraded version of the existing education policy. Instead of seeing it as a mixture of education policies from around the world, it should actually be viewed as a software update which covers and takes care of the bugs and holes in the existing software.

  • For instance, Digitization and extensive use of technology is the need of the hour. Proved to be a blessing in disguise is the Novel Corona Virus as it has pushed all sectors of business, education and life to embrace technology in all its entirety.
    In such a situation, it is either do or die for all setups to adopt technology to move on. Amidst this, it is actually important that schools and education institutes also follow the lead.
  • Another important pointer is the option to leave a graduation course whenever the student wants without the fear of taking a gap year. More often than not, students and even adults are heard saying that they would have pursued something else if given an option during their schooling. Now with the option to leave whenever a student wants not only gives him/her an option to study different subjects and streams but also study the topics of their interests.
  • Introduction of coding at early age is another gold step towards curbing unemployment and increasing knowledge. It is no secret that there has been a steep increase in the number of unemployed B.Tech. grads. Students after completing their bachelors in Technology often find it difficult to land a job. Now with the introduction of coding at school itself, students can assess their calling at an early age and if not wanting, they don’t have to pursue it.
  • Focus on the Indian Values System is a great way to inculcate patriotism and pride for their country, right from a young age.
  • The report card evaluation by peers and the students themselves will convey a better image of the student. Certain parts of a student’s personality like friendliness, kindness etc is better assessed by his/her peers rather than a teacher in-charge of 50 students.
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Of course, the above points are only some of the important topics discussed in the new policy.  NEP 2020 is both revolutionary and much required. It not only establishes standard standards for education around the country, but also incorporates the latest trends, lifestyle and mindsets of the 21st century students, parents and other stakeholders.

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